He was in the revolutionary movement from his earliest youth. Al-Hilal became a revolutionary mouthpiece ventilating extremist views. Azad was born on 11 November in Mecca, then a part of the Ottoman Empire. It was as a leader of the Khilafat movement that he became close to Mahatma Gandhi. Nijalingappa — Jagjivan Ram — S.
Islam has now as great a claim on the soil of India as Hinduism. Black Money in India. He tirelessly advocated for a single India that would embrace both Hindus and Muslims while strongly opposing the partition of British India into independent India and Pakistan. For a thousand years the Narcissus weeps for her blindness, With great difficulty is born in the garden a man with vision. This article is about an Indian scholar and first education minister.
Concise Encyclopaedia of India.
Maulana Azad: Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
He also criticised Muslim politicians for focusing on communal issues before the national interest and rejected the All India Muslim League ‘s communal separatism. As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urduas well as treatises on religion and philosophy.
Amidst more incidences of violence in earlythe Congress-League coalition struggled to function.
You fear darkness when you yourself symbolized light only recently. Azad was one of the main organizers of the Azadd Satyagraha inand emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.
Recalling the memories of the Roman and the Greek orators, there was magic in his words, his language was chaste, civilized, his speech was dramatic. Retrieved 23 July And in doing so they have become so forgetful of their God as if it never existed.
When he spoke the audience listened to him spell-bound. He was a staunch opponent of partition and supported a confederation of autonomous provinces with their own constitutions but common defense and economy.
While attacking Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan and the mission’s proposal of 16 June that envisaged the partition of India, Azad became a strong proponent of the mission’s earlier proposal of 16 May. It is a fact of history that while other Congress leaders accepted the partition inMaulana stood steadfast. Azad masterminded the creation of national programmes of school and college construction and spreading the enrolment of children and young adults into schools, to promote universal primary education.
The commission included no Indian members and did not even consult Indian leaders and experts. Archived from the original PHP on 4 December The book is basically a collection of 24 letters he wrote addressing his close friend Maulana Habibur Rahman Khan Sherwani.
The refusal of Swaraj will affect only India while the end of our unity will be the loss of our entire human world.
In the words of Iqbal: Retrieved 14 June Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, maualna if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. He also worked for Hindu – Muslim unity through the Al-Hilal newspaper.
Retrieved 13 April The Right to Education Bill seeks to make free and compulsory education a fundamental right.
Inat an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress. At the time of his death he had neither any property nor any bank account. Azad decided the name of Muslim political party Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam. Less inclined to brand the League as obstructive, Azad nevertheless joined the Congress’s vehement rejection of Jinnah’s demand that the League be seen exclusively as the representative of Indian Muslims. He was elected as the president of the special session of the Congress in Delhi Azad’s tomb is located next to the Jama Masjid in Delhi.
His opposition to partition of India has created a niche in the hearts of all patriotic Indians. The Maulana was also a great votary of the concept of Neighbourhood schools and the Common School System.
Abul Kalam Azad | Indian theologian |
He was in the revolutionary movement from his earliest youth. Rajendra Prasad and Chakravaachari regarding the espousal of socialism as the Congress goal. He was popularly known as Maulana Azad. He was the first pope….